||Pakistan Railways started the
Karachi Circular Railway in 1969. The aim was to provide
better transportation facilities to the people of Karachi.
People of Karachi liked it very much and thousands of them
traveled daily. KCR earned half a million rupees in the first year
alone and revenue continued to increased daily. In seventies
when KCR was in peak 104 trains were run daily, of which 90
trains on main track and 14 trains ran on loop line. The transport
mafia did not like it and tried to make KCR a failure. The transport
mafia contracted the KCR staff and made payments to fail KCR.
The staff became lazy and corrupt and trains did not run on time.
Ticket less travel became rampant as tickets were not checked.
At last KCR trains got discontinued to a minuscule number in 1994
after incurring huge losses. After 1994 only one train ran on loop
line and in 1999 KCR operations were completely discontinued.
Factors amounting to KCR Failure:
1. Trains did not run according to the Time Table.
2. Tickets were not checked which was the main source of revenue.
3. Bad management and, lazy & corrupt staff.
4. Stations were far from the roads.
5. No extension of network.
6. Bad condition of locomotives and coaches.
7. No proper arrangement of water and light in Stations.
8. Single Track.
9. Bad law and order situation in Karachi. (Now it is better)
10. Lack of interest by the Government and Pakistan Railways.
At present, KCR track (Loop line) is in bad condition. Rails and Sleepers have damaged. Signaling and Communication system is also out-dated and out of order. KCR stations and land are encroached upon by land mafia and criminals. Only two trains now run from Wazir Mansion station to Landhi Jn and Malir Cantt. Due to transport problems and public pressure, Federal Government decided to revive KCR. Plans have been in the offing for the revival KCR since 1999 including a Master Plan made in 2003.
At last a Japanese Company "Japan External Trade Organization" has agreed to give soft loan of 1 billion dollars for revival KCR. The project will cost around 1.1 billion to 1.25 billion dollars. According to the plan 50 Km network from Karachi City to Drigh Colony via Liaquatabad (Loop Line) and Karachi City to Landhi Jn (Main Line) will be revive. KCR will have dual track and 20 km to 25 km track will be elevated passing through densely populated areas including Baldia, SITE, Nazimabad, Gulshan-e-Iqbal and Gulistan-e-Jauhar. New dual track will be laid for KCR along with PR main track.
The Circular Railway will carry 700,000 passengers daily through 246 trains, each with a capacity of 1,236 passengers. The track would be of international standard and a train would be available at each terminal after every five minutes. Trains will be run at speeds of 100 km per hour.
The first phase of the KCR revival will completed in 12-14 months and trains will be start to run on the track from City Station to Liaquatabad Station. Soon after the completion of the first phase, work will be started on the second one.
|z||Karachi Mass Transit is the plan of modern rail based
transport system in Karachi. According to the plan the busy roads of
Karachi will have under-ground and over-head railway corridors and Light
Train will be run. Karachi Circular Railway is also a part of Karachi Mass Transit. Government is also considering to build 6 routes
on BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) basis.
Corridor I- Sohrab Goth To Tower:
Sohrab Goth to Tin-hatti, 15.2 km on Shahrah-e-Pakistan and M.A Jinnah road via F.B Area, Liaquatabad, Guru Mandir, Jamah Cloth and Boulden Market.
Corridor II- Orangi Town to Karachi Cantt:
Orangi Town to Karachi Cantt, 13.2 km on Shahrah-e-Orangi, Manghopir Road and Dr Daud Pota Road via Garden and Saddar.
Corridor III- North Karachi to S.I.T.E via North Nazimabad:
North Karachi to S.I.T.E 15.4 km on Shahrah-e-Noor Jehan via North Nazimabad and Benaras Chowk.
Corridor IV- Karachi Cantt to Landhi:
Karachi Cantt to Landhi, 20.4 km on Shahrah-e-Faisial parallel to Pakistan Railways Main line via Baloch Colony, Shah-Faisal Colony and Malir Colony.
Corridor V- Shah Waliullah Chowrangi to Shah-Faisal Colony:
Shah Waliullah Chowrangi (Nagan Chowrangi) to Shah-Faisal Colony, 14.5 km on Rashid Minhas road via Sohrab Goth and Gulshan-e-Iqbal.
Corridor VI- Baldia Town to Merewether Tower:
Baldia Town to Merewether Tower, 10 km on RCD Highway.
|KARACHI the biggest city of Pakistan, is located on
an arm of the Arabian Sea northwest of the Indus delta.
It is a trade and distribution center and the principal seaport
of Pakistan. Karachi was founded in the 18th Century and was
captured by the British in 1843. A steam tramway was opened
to the port on April 20, 1885, and was replaced with a horse tramway
a year later. In 1909 the horse trams were replaced with distinctive
looking petrol cars. Saddar was the main hub. One route connected
Saddar with the Cantonment Station, the other went all the way
to Keamari, the port, and the third to Soldier Bazaar. There were 64
of these in service in 1955 when the company celebrated its 70th
Anniversary. The petrol trams continued in service until April